Foreign Direct Investment

The Central Government took several initiatives and measures to encourage foreign investment inflows, particularly the flow of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) into our country. Major thrust areas include infrastructure development, particularly energy, power, telecom and township development. FDI in most of the sectors/activities including manufacturing sectors are under the automatic route and require only notifying the Reserve Bank of India. Initiatives have also been taken to make procedures related to transfer of shares and repatriation more simple. The policy & procedures for induction of foreign technology have also been progressively simplified. To create a more conducive investment climate, the procedures governing approvals/clearances are continuously reviewed.

GUIDELINES FOR FDI IN DEVELOPMENT OF TOWNSHIP, HOUSING, BUILDING, INFRASTRUCTURE AND CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS [as per FDI Manual]

:With a view to catalysing investment in townships, housing, built-up infrastructure and construction-development projects as an instrument to generate economic activity, create new employment opportunities and add to the available housing stock and built-up infrastructure, the Government has vide Press Note no 2 (2005 series) decided to allow FDI up to 100% under the automatic route in townships, housing, built-up infrastructure and construction-development projects (which would include, but not be restricted to, housing, commercial premises, hotels, resorts, hospitals, educational institutions, recreational facilities, city and regional level infrastructure), subject to the following guidelines:
a. Minimum area to be developed under each project would be as under:
i. In case of development of serviced housing plots, a minimum land area of 10 hectares
ii. In case of construction-development projects, a minimum built-up area of 50,000 sq.mts
iii. In case of a combination project, any one of the above two conditions would suffice
b. The investment would further be subject to the following conditions:
i. Minimum capitalization of US$10 million for wholly owned subsidiaries and US$ 5 million for joint ventures with Indian partners. The funds would have to be brought in within six months of commencement of business of the Company.
ii. Original investment cannot be repatriated before a period of three years from completion of minimum capitalization. However, the investor may be permitted to exit earlier with prior approval of the Government through the FIPB.
c. At least 50% of the project must be developed within a period of five years from the date of obtaining all statutory clearances. The investor would not be permitted to sell undeveloped plots.
For the purpose of these guidelines, “undeveloped plots” will mean where roads, water supply, street lighting, drainage, sewerage, and other conveniences, as applicable under prescribed regulations, have not been made available. It will be necessary that the investor provides this infrastructure and obtains the completion certificate from the concerned local body/service agency before he would be allowed to dispose of serviced housing plots.
d. The project shall conform to the norms and standards, including land use requirements and provision of community amenities and common facilities, as laid down in the applicable building control regulations, bye-laws, rules, and other regulations of the State Government/Municipal/Local Body concerned.
e. The investor shall be responsible for obtaining all necessary approvals, including those of the building/layout plans, developing internal and peripheral areas and other infrastructure facilities, payment of development, external development and other charges and complying with all other requirements as prescribed under applicable rules/bye laws/regulations of the State Government/Municipal/Local Body concerned.
f. The State Government/Municipal/Local Body concerned, which approves the building / development plans, would monitor compliance of the above conditions by the developer.

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